ICERMS to participate on PAZA II project in Albania

Client: PAZA

Dates: June to December 2016

PAZA-Project is working with the key stakeholders in the Veterinary and Food Safety Sector. The project provides technical support on veterinary and animal health issues to the State Veterinary Service - including its I&R and epidemiology units and the regional and district veterinary services and all private veterinarians working in the ¬field.  PAZA-Project also addresses food safety issues related to zoonoses in close collaboration with the National Food Authority.

PAZA Project aims to promote the sustainable control of zoonotic diseases and strengthen institutional and administrative capacity. Fully functional and harmonised I&R systems are the basis for reliable information  on animal disease. The major challenge is to create a stable, continuous, adequately funded and reliable animal identification and registration. The private veterinary practitioners are the key persons for doing this work.

PAZA-Project will develop data recording systems for animal identification and registration (I&R) of small ruminants, cattle and swine. Additionally the PAZA-Project will support the revision of the annual service contract between the Government and private veterinary practitioners (PVPs) and the establishment of a system of performance monitoring.

PAZA-Project will supply ear tags and applicators and IT equipment. The PAZA II Project’s key stakeholders are the public in Albania, consumers of animal products regulatory authorities, veterinary administration and services, livestock producers and traders in livestock and products of animal origin.

The project’s objectives are stated in the logical framework as:

Overall objective: Contribute to increased livestock health and productivity and improved protection of public health in Albania in line with the EU regulations for the control and monitoring of zoonotic agents.

Project purpose: The capacity to plan, implement, monitor and sustain risk-based national strategies for the progressive control and eradication of target zoonotic diseases 1 is established.


Key results (revised):

Result 1: Re-organization of the state veterinary service, staffed by appropriately trained, regulated and supervised veterinary professionals, which complies with international requirements is facilitated effectively. [New result added as part of Addendum no. 3]

Result 2: A coherent, integrated and fully operational animal disease surveillance system is in place.

Result 3: Multi-annual, strategic programmes for the progressive control and eradication of priority animal diseases and major zoonoses are implemented effectively.

Result 4: Risk of human exposure to rabies from infected foxes in Albania progressively reduced and eliminated.

Result 5: A sustainable, modern national communication system is established between the state veterinary service and key stakeholder groups.

At its fifth meeting, the PAZA Project Steering Committee again requested the project’s support in the development of a model livestock market to serve the Tirana region, where almost 1 million people live.


The Mayor of Tirana has prioritized the relocation of the existing livestock marketing activity and the Ministry of Agriculture, Rural Development and Water Administration (MARDWA) has indicated to the project that a suitable location has been provisionally identified. In addition, a private investor has requested the project’s guidance for the development of a livestock market and abattoir near Tirana, and the MARDWA has been approach by other investors interested in opening markets.

The movement of animals can spread disease and, therefore, control of livestock movement is a fundamental element of effective disease control, including zoonotic diseases. The presence of veterinary inspectors at livestock markets is vital and this subject is currently under active discussion within the MARDWA in the context of the reform of the veterinary service. In support of this initiative, the PAZA II Project has established contact with the Traffic Police so that a joint veterinary-police task force can be formed to begin to control animal transportation. Approach roads and routes to livestock markets will be a focus for the task force’s actions.

In supporting the development of livestock markets, the project has recommended that all new developments should commence with an environmental assessment of the markets impact, and mitigating measures to be taken. Thereafter, waste management and biosecurity considerations should be addressed, followed by the operational activities at the selected location.

In consideration of these circumstances, it is proposed that the Consortium should mobilize an international expert in waste management and biosecurity. The Consortium proposes to deploy the same expert who worked with the PAZA Project during its first phase, Mr Scott Crossett.

ICERMS will provide technical assistance in regard to environmental impact assessment of livestock market developments and also inputs into aspects of biosecurity.


To contribute to effective animal disease control by establishing biosecurity and waste management procedures at a ‘model’ livestock market in Tirana region, to reduce adverse environmental impact and promote animal health and welfare.

Scope of the activity

Site visits will be made to assess the conditions on the ground and hold discussions with all main stakeholders. On the basis of consultations with stakeholders and other experts of the PAZA II Project, the Biosecurity and Waste Management Expert will draw up a discussion document, which will be discussed at a participatory meeting with stakeholders. On the basis of this consultation, the expert will prepare a report that provides guidelines for the development of the market that ensure compliance with EU standards.

Main stakeholders

The stakeholders include:


 Owners of the site of the proposed market


 Tirana Municipality officers, including urban planning, waste disposal services, consumer protection agency


 Environmental Agency


 MARDWA veterinary directorate


 Livestock transporters (hauliers) representatives


 Meat processors association


 Butchers’ association(s)


Expert’s input


The implementation of the study requires the input of an expert in biosecurity and waste management, who can lead and organize all activities and produce guidelines that are complaint with EU standards.

Description of the expert’s activities


As indicated above, the expert will undertake field visits within the Tirana region of proposed locations where a livestock market could be established. Other specific activities will include but not be limited to:


  1. Convening meetings with local partners including representatives from the municipal authority, the MARDWA, livestock transporters, abattoirs, veterinary clinics, veterinary faculty, and the PAZA II Project.
  2. Conduct at least one field visit to each proposed location.
  3. Facilitate discussions between various stakeholders in a series of preparatory meetings.
  4. Organize a workshop with stakeholders to consider the full scope of the proposed development in the context of achieving compliance with EU requirements.
  5. Prepare a final report of the study in the format approved by the Team Leader.
  6. Submit the final report to the PAZA Project Team Leader by email within 5 working days of the end of the study.

ICERMS participates in new EU funded technical assistance project, IBECA, to Ministry of Environment in Albania

Client: IBECA

Dates: June 2015 to December 2017

The IBECA project is Funded by the European Union and implemented by Agrotec in association with Sweco and CMCC. Both of these consulting companies have vast experience in implementing technical assistance projects in Albania and throughout the world.

Legislation Review

IBECA is reviewing all legal acts and documents in the Albanian environmental legislation and identifying where the gaps are regarding law transposition and implementation. This includes air, water, nature, chemicals, industrial and marine pollution, and climate change. Our experts are analysing how appropriate and adequate the Albanian legislation is. This is answering questions about where the country stands in response to EU legislation, what further steps must be taken to fill the existing gaps, and how to solve possible conflicts.

The project has three components A, B and C and ICERMS will be focused on components B and C as outlined below.

Component B: Improved inspection and enforcement of environmental and climate change legislation

Situational Review

The Ministry of Environment relies on the State Environmental Inspectorate to identify and respond to issues related to environment and climate change. IBECA is conducting a situational review of the

Inspectorate at national and regional level to find out where the gaps and needs are. This includes the situation with technical, human and financial resources, including priority needs in equipment and training. Both the central office of the State Environmental Inspectorate and its regional branches are under review.

Strengthening the Inspectorate

Based on the situational review, IBECA works with the Ministry of Environment to prepare and
implement a programme for strengthening the Inspectorate. The programme includes new institutional structures, good working practices, identification of skills and job descriptions, increased exchanges between the central office and the regions, and training. The project has proposed to set an annual budget and then plan activities accordingly instead of the other way round.

Effective Procedures

Particular attention is given to the issue of the effectiveness of working procedures. A combination of IT solutions connecting the State Environmental Inspectorate offices with solid guidance documents serves the basis of improvements in the daily work of inspectors. This includes the development of protocols and questionnaires to be used for duties such as site visits.

EU Training and Qualifications

Credible, professional and qualified inspectors are fundamental for successful compliance and enforcement of environmental and climate change laws. Based on a training plan a selected group of inspectors is trained specifically to train other inspectors. The rest of the inspectors are provided with vocational qualifications that match their job roles.

Administrative Fines

IBECA is helping in identifying what causes the low collection rate of administrative fines issued to
entities that violate environmental legislation. Technical assistance is provide to the Ministry on how to change the situation. For monetary penalties to work there must be a set of precise, fair and transparent rules, a consistent but flexible application, and closer control of the fine payments. The project designs measures to improve recording, managing, processing, and reporting of fines to the Administrative Court. Finally, it promotes the sharing and dissemination of information on EU environmental inspection and enforcement policy.

Prosecution Practices

The project assists in building knowledge and experience in cases that undergo prosecution. This is done by:

1. Training inspectors to use more actively the payment enforcement means they already have;

2. Training judges and prosecutors on environmental requirements.

Together with the Ministry, IBECA is developing a more sustainable tariff system for permitting and
inspection. In addition, support is given to sharing and communication between the different
environmental protection bodies. A proposal is being considered to establish a joint working group that will ensure that both environmental protection and environmental crime detection are optimised through cross-agency communication and sharing of best practices.

Component C: Improved environmental and climate change management by the national environmental agency

The new Law on Environmental Protection has expanded the tasks of the National Environmental Agency (NEA), to include permitting, environmental impact assessment, public information and liability principle. These tasks are not only new but also very demanding therefore NEA requires further support.

IBECA aims at enabling NEA and its field offices to undertake permitting and environmental impact
assessments, to ensure follow-up to liable cases, and to monitor and survey the environment in order to provide reliable data necessary for developing environmental policy.

Capacity Building & Training

Both the Ministry and the NEA receive capacity building in the form of transfer of experience and know-how. Staff is trained so they are able to perform their tasks. IBECA provides on-the- job training, theoretical seminars and workshops, and study visits that meet the needs of these two institutions

New Structures and Procedures

NEA requires new institutional structures in order to carry out the new tasks. It also needs to establish new working procedures to ensure efficiency. The project is assisting by reconfiguring new structures within NEA and the Ministry that coordinate with each other. Each policy directorate at the Ministry is being matched with a new unit/structure at NEA to support and implement that policy. Clearly defined roles and responsibilities for staff and experts in the new structures are established. Guidelines and procedures are provided on how to carry out permitting and impact assessments.

Liability Concept

IBECA assists the National Environmental Agency in adopting the concept of environmental liability.
Priority is given to liability for damages caused to those natural resources that are of highest interest to the public and are protected by environmental legislation. Assistance include skills and procedures on how to make assessments and establish ways to repair, restore and compensate for damages done to natural resources.

ICERMS to provide technical assistance for the establishment of Environment Crime Task Force in Albania

Client: OSCE

Dates: March 2015 - December 2015

Scott Crossett, ICERMS, has been engaged by OSCE to provide technical assistance to the National Environment Agency in Albania to assist them in establishing an Environment Crime Taskforce for Albania.


The OSCE Presence in Albania (the Presence) undertook a strategic 3 year planning in the field of environmental governance with the aim to better respond to government needs to tackle environmental corruption and environmental crime. The Presence will cooperate with the National Environmental Agency and the Ministry of Environment to establish an Environmental Crime Operational Committee (ECOC) as a multi-agency approach to tackle corruption and environmental crime in the country.

The Presence will support the ECOC in its early stages by providing expertise to prepare the Strategy and action plan for the first 3 years, develop an inter-agency protocol and an institutional development plan.

The Presence will hire one international expert, who, supported by a national expert, will conduct the first assessment of the legal and institutional framework to ensure the establishment of the ECOC. In addition, the expert will prepare an action plan and an institutional development plan for the ECOC its first 3 years.


An Environmental Crime Operational Committee is established to tackle environmental crime and corruption in the country.


  • Conduct an assessment of the legal and institutional framework for establishing an ECOC in Albania
  • Prepare the Terms of Reference for the ECOC members and their functions
  • Draft an inter-agency protocol that will be signed by all heads of institutions which will be members of the ECOC
  • Participate in the first meeting of the ECOC and deliver presentation in the roundtable, in Tirana with ECOC members and other stakeholders that will be involved (end of 2015- early June 2015)
  • Draft an Institutional Development Plan which will guide the ECOC for its first 3 years;
  • Present the Institutional Development Plan in a donor roundtable, in Tirana (end of September – October 2015).


  • Legal and Institutional Assessment to ensure the establishment of the ECOC
  • Terms of Reference for the ECOC members and their functions within the structure
  • Draft of the Inter-Agency Protocol that will be signed by Heads of Institutions
  • An Institutional Development Plan for the ECOC work including the training needs, and financial resources for the first 3 years.

SELEA Project Sub contracts ICERMS

Client: Grontmij

Dates: 2012-2013

SELEA Project

The Grontmij led consortium currently implementing the SELEA technical assistance project to the Ministry of Environment in Albania has engaged ICERMS to provide vocational educational training to state environment inspectors and representatives from both the National Environment Agency and the River Basin Agencies. 

The ICERMS team worked with the international and national experts on the SELEA projects to develop suitable training resources to complement the new customized award – the delivery of environmental protection services.

The ICERMS key expert worked with the project team in Albania to produce a number of project outputs outlined below and the ICERMS team back in Scotland put together all the training materials to accompany the new customized award and also developed the pathways to undertake the award depending on roles within the overall state environmental protection function.

Once all the candidates submitted portfolios they were evaluated by a small team of ICERMS associates to ensure that their content was in line with the requirements of the Centre and the award framework.

Project Outputs

A thorough review of the inspectorate at national and regional levels against key performance indicators (technical, legal gap analysis, human resources, equipment, etc.) of the Inspectorate at national and regional levels has been carried out and results presented in the IR. Based on the results an Inspectorate Strengthening Programme has been prepared.

Some description

The Project has also assessed the situation at Border Crossing and entry points in relation to CITES. The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora is an international agreement between governments. Its aim is to ensure that international trade in specimens of wild animals and plants does not threaten their survival, and waste import to determine the gaps in the system and to evaluate how best these shortcomings may be addressed in a sustainable manner.

During the lifetime of the project and as previously stated there has been significant structural changes to the Environmental Protection Services delivered by the State and indeed this has resulted in some re thinking by the project team in regard to the inclusion of these entities within the project programme.

In this regard therefore the project with consent of the MoE and the ECD included in the project capacity building activities the new water inspectorate, part of the new SEI, and the staff of the new

River Basin Agencies which again resulted from the MoE restructuring process.

A training need assessment of these institutions along with the SEI, NEA & the RED has been carried out and, based on the results a competence based framework for vocational education was developed for the key roles within these entities.

The related project outputs in this regard and relevant to the NEA and RED is outlined in the chapters covering Activity C.

This framework was developed for the role of the environment inspector and for the water inspector both roles are present within the SEI. This competence based framework was the basis for the development of a vocational training programme for the two inspection sectors mentioned above.

A complete vocational education qualification and an underpinning training Programme for Inspectors has been prepared and this has been underpinned by a training manual and DVD containing all relevant resources including an instructional video film for the role of the environmental monitoring and sampling in the water sector using the equipment provided for this purpose by SELEA.

The NEA will manage this resource and a dedicated training team has been established at the NEA to provide all future training for the Ministry and its associated institutions including the SEI.

They key outputs have been; 

  • Preparation of a set of Guiding Documents for inspectors, including: inspection planning procedures, priority setting, and check lists for site visits;
  • Implementation of a Vocational Training Programme on waste management and inspection: In order to facilitate a better understanding of the function of waste management sites in the context of a modern EU type permitting and inspection system, a series of UK based waste management vocational training awards have been selected and delivered to 14 English speaking Inspectors. The training programme is being split into two distinct awards with one half of the candidate group undertaking an award in healthcare Waste Management and Treatment and the other half undertaking an award in the Management of Recycling Operations. The training courses proposed have been delivered by a UK based training centre using modules approved by the UK Waste Management Industry Training and Advisory Board (WAMITAB). Five training sessions were conducted in the reporting period and on a monthly basis and these sessions of three residential days in each of the weeks were underpinned by an extensive candidate support programme in the regions and based at the candidate assessment sites. The candidates were given a series of practical tasks to undertake at, and a list of evidence items to obtain from, each of the pre-selected assessment sites.  This process was completed in May 2013 and the culmination of this process of delivery of the UK/EU vocational training awards was the visit of the WAMITAB external verifier to Albania. The external verifier submitted a report to WAMITAB which approved the Phase I vocational training programme and the candidate assessment sites selected by the project team. Successful candidates obtained the UK vocational training award in healthcare Waste Management and Treatment and/or the Waste Recycling Supervisory Award. Proceedings of the training have been prepared and delivered to the Ministry.
  • Development of an Electronic Database on the Environmental Permits. The database contains around 900 Environmental permits issued from 2008 till May 2012. Staff at MoE and SIEFW has been trained to use the databaseThe database contains around 900 Environmental permits issued from 2008 till May 2012. Staff at MoE and SIEFW has been trained to use the database;
  • Organisation of a Study Tour to Scotland on Vocational Training in Environmental Permitting and Inspection;
  • Preparation of an Environmental Inspection Handbook for adoption by SIEFW. This handbook provides the environment inspector with a series of guidance chapters complimented by a series of annexes consisting of template documentation for use before, during and following an installation inspection. The handbook follows a process of inspection planning while underpinning this planning process with chapters on legislation, environmental risk and also health & safety risk assessments.While the situation in Albania regarding the judicial process for environmental offences is still at an early stage the handbook has outlined a guideline to modern EU methods of evidence gathering and delivering expert witness testimony in regard to environmental offences. There is a comprehensive training programme available in Albanian language to accompany this handbook. The training programme provides the candidate with an opportunity to utlise the documents appended to this handbook.;
  • Implementation of the training programme associated with the newly developed competence framework. The framework and training programme was expanded to include a broad sub sector of environmental protection services including NEA, SEI and River Basin Agency staff roles. The competence framework and the associated vocational education qualification has been developed to reflect a total of 12 pathways (salient to identified roles within the sector) to the award achievement and these were delivered to staff across all three agencies by the SELEA training team. A total of 360 staff across the three agencies have undertaken the pathway relevant to their job role.


In order to improve the SIEFW capacities so that it can effectively manage the inspection functions in the regions, the Project has developed an intensive training programme. This programme has been implemented in two phases as follows:

“Environmental Permit – Inspection, Reporting & Monitoring”. This training was developed and delivered to all 178 regional inspectors (This programme was based on a set of UK National Occupational Standards for the inspection functions, which were revised and modified to suit the circumstances of Albania and also the specific requirements for an environment inspector since the originating documents were related to different industry sectors and were not specific to the environment. In this regard the Consultant has prepared a series of 13 training units to fill a five day programme at each of the 12 Inspectorates in the Regions).

“Environmental Protection - Service Delivery”. This training was developed and delivered to 182 national & regional environmental inspectors; water inspectors; River Basin Agency Staff and staff from the National Environment Agency and its Laboratory. Proceedings of the training have been prepared, The structure of the training course consists of 20 Units in the suite and these are underpinned by 36 Power Point modules to fill a five day programme at each of the 12 Inspectorates in the Regions. Modules contain embedded exercises and which also have associated tasks. The overall course consisted of 20 Units and individual candidates undertook the number of units relevant to their specific pathway. This ranged from a 4 day course to a more involved 10 days course. These courses were delivered at all 12 regions and centrally in Tirana. Courses were attended by no more than 25 candidates at any one time.

Some description

Practical training through a study visit to Denmark has also been implemented, including experience exchange.

Training is a core issue in the building of the capacity of the REA. A Training Programme has been prepared and implemented through three inter-depending sessions, as follows:

  • The project, on the basis of the initial skills gap/training needs analysis, developed a competence based framework for the key roles with the NEA and the RED. This competence based framework was developed into a national vocational training award underpinned by a complete set of training modules; training resources and a training manual for future delivery by the newly created national environment training team at the NEA. Member of the training team have been working with the SELEA training team and assisting in the delivery of the SELEA training programme.
  • Award pathways have been developed and these reflect the key roles within the NEA and the RED including the agency laboratory staff. There are 10 pathways relevant to the NEA related departments as follows: Environmental Monitoring Laboratory Scientist; Environmental Monitoring Sampling Officer; Environmental Manager; Climate Change Adaptation Auditor; Environmental Monitoring Data Controller; Environmental Technologist; Environment Permit Administrator; Environmental Impact Assessor; Strategic Environment Assessor and finally Environmental Monitoring Officer.
  • 100 NEA/NEL/RED staff trained as per the above competence framework and the associated pathways

SELEA Project

Client: Grontmij

Dates: Jan 2012 - July 2014

SELEA Project

ICERMS have been engaged by the Danish consulting firm Grontmij to provide a key expert for 2.5 years on the EU funded capacity building project SELEA.
The project involves the Technical Assistance for strengthening the capacity of the Ministry of Environment, Forests and Water Administration in Albania for law drafting and enforcement of national environmental legislation.

Some description


The overall objective of SELEA project is to “support the sustainable development of the country via improved environmental requirements and management by enabling Government Institutions to develop, implement and enforce environmental legislation to EU standards”. This objective is closely tied to the pre-accession process. As the environment Acquis is a crosscutting area, its implementation requires an integrated approach that implies coordination mechanisms across all governmental levels, local responsibility and action, accountability of state institutions and public participation.
SELEA project supports the Government of Albania in creating the conditions for sustainable development through the:

  • Approximation of the environmental Acquis
  • Strengthening the environmental institutions
  • Consolidation of their capacities to adapt to an evolving legal framework

The key expert provided by ICERMS will focus on capacity building with the Stae Environment Inspectorate (Water and Environment Sectors); the National Environment Agency; the National Environment Agency Laboratory & The six River Basin Agencies.

Development of the Inspectorate's competence

SELEA project assists the Inspectorate to adjust its work to the relevant requirements of the European Union, including the “European Parliament and the Council Recommendation No.2001/331/CE, setting minimum criteria for environmental inspections in Member States” of April 4, 2001. In this context the inspectorate should be more effective and efficient, more transparent and apply good governance principles.

Some description
SELEA project assists the inspectorate at both national and regional level to ensure that the same inspection standards are applied throughout the country as per request of the national legislation, of the code of administrative practice and EU guidelines. It provides training, a system of job descriptions, development of effective communication and management systems and development of inspectors’ networks.

Some description

Improving the capacity of the Inspectorates SELEA project will assist the inspectorates with:

  • job descriptions, recruitment and basic training for all sectors
  • priority equipment delivered following needs assessment activity
  • for all inspectors, training in enforcement and prosecution, through closer contacts with law enforcement institutions 
  • public prosecutors, courts, police
  • training on use of IT solutions developed under activity B.,
  • training in using questionnaires and other guidance documents for the Environment Protection Inspectors in particular, training in the use of portable analytical equipment for pollution monitoring
  • development of effective communication and management systems at regional level and also between regions and their national counterparts in Tirana
  • practical training through study visits to an inspectorate in an appropriate EU country and experience exchange inside country 
  • identification of experienced inspectors and organising of inspections under supervision of experienced inspectors
  • identification of good practices for permitting, inspection and enforcement
  • development of inspectors networks to allow exchanging good experiences


Client: Agrotec/NIRAS Consortium

Dates: 2013-2014

The PAZA project was designed to address improving consumer Protection Against Zoonotic diseases in Albania hence the acronym.
The project was managed by Dr Robert Connor, the team leader, and the project was administered through the consortium of companies who were successful in the bid process, Agrotec from Italy and NIRAS from Poland.
ICERMS training team provided vocational training to the veterinary staff in regard to animal healthcare waste management and treatment plus additional modules on injection safety and biosecurity.

The PAZA training team consisted of the following personnel:

  • Scott Crossett
  • Ardi Peculi

ICERMS provided additional support to the PAZA project through the sub-contraction of Julie Peer who developed the new award and many of the training programme resources.
The capacity building activities provided by ICERMS on the PAZA project are outlined below and consisted of an assessment phase and a capacity building phase.

Assessment PhaseSome description

The purpose of the assessment process was to examine three key elements
 of the current veterinary service in Albania; it paid particular attention to two key institutions within the veterinary healthcare and livestock management system. 

The results of the assessment phase can be found in the document below.

Capacity Building Phase

Vocational Educational Awards and Training have been a cornerstone of the UK Education system for decades and they continue to provide an opportunity for candidates to undertake the training whilst in employment and at their place of work.
All UK vocational training awards are mapped to the European Qualification Framework (EQF) and are based on a series of industry developed National Occupational Standards (NOS). These awards are delivered through a network of approved centres under the stewardship of the National Qualification Authority.

In regard to the waste industry there is a suite of awards which addresses the management and treatment of wastes using variety of management and technology applications.
In the absence of specific awards for certain key industry sub-sector interests there is the possibility for industry stakeholders to develop their own award and to have that award mapped to the EQF.
This type of award it known as a Customized Award and one such award was available for the Management and Treatment of Healthcare Waste in the UK through the Scottish Qualification Authority (SQA).

The award was developed and owned by Trust Waste Management Limited an SQA and Waste Management Training & Advisory Board approved national training centre in Scotland with experience in delivering this type of award internationally.
In this regard, a proposal to deliver this award to 16 Albanian candidates from the Veterinary Healthcare Sector as a component of the PAZA project activities was submitted to, and thereafter approved by, the EC Delegation offices in Tirana.


The Ministry of Agriculture provided the project training team with a list of candidates who would undertake the award and a programme of delivery was devised by the project team.
The candidates came from a cross section of the veterinary healthcare sector and there was a good geographical split from across Albania.

There were however two groups of candidates from the key veterinary institutions in Albania the State Veterinary Faculty (FMV) and the State Veterinary Institute (ISUV). This was a welcome addition to the training as it meant that there was the possibility to utilise these two institutions as focal point in terms of future initiatives regarding the training of the trainers.

A three week programme of study was also developed based on a combination of theory and practical components. The theory component which would be based on a series of 20 Power point modules also included a series of embedded exercises to be undertaken in the classroom.
The intention of the course programme was to deliver training on a daily basis between the hours of 0900 and 1630hrs however the candidates preferred to work from 0900 and 1500hrs by skipping lunch and afternoon coffee break. This was agreed and although it was not possible on the days where site visits were arranged it worked out well in classroom based training days.
The training team then developed a series of 20 Modules to accompany the 20 units in the actual vocational training award.

Award Delivery

The PAZA training team conducted an assessment of the veterinary healthcare system, in term of waste management and bio-security in the early part of 2013. During this mission it was established that the veterinary education system did not include a provision for vocational education in the context of continued professional development.

In addition it was noted that most of the capacity building conducted by the international community in Albania was limited to training, conferences and workshops none of which required the attendee to do very much to achieve a certificate of attendance.
On reviewing the outputs from the 5 week assessment mission it was agreed that any provision of training to the veterinary sector should be tangible and that it should involve a process of award by achievement.

Some description

The PAZA training team proposed to the EC Delegation that a core group of veterinarians were actually encouraged to undertake an actual vocational training course accredited to the European Qualification Framework and based on existing National Occupational Standards in the United Kingdom.
This proposal was agreed by the EC Delegation and as a consequence candidates successfully completing this EU award in Healthcare Waste Management & Treatment would have genuine EU educational currency.

The training award was delivered at the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine of the Agricultural University of Tirana and the training team was given a dedicated training room within the faculty for the duration of the training. The candidates reported to the training daily at 0900hrs and the members of the training team were also able to use both the faculty itself and its farm as a training resource as well as using the Food Safety and Veterinary Institute (ISUV) for waste auditing purposes.

The candidates were each issued with a personal portfolio in which they kept any materials which they had collated during the duration of the course including notes from site visits, practical exercises, photographs and any documentary evidence. These personal portfolios and their contents were assessed by the training team prior to submission to the Scottish Centre for consideration of approval.
During the training course the candidates were encouraged to make a presentation on topical issues and in this regard a series of presentations were delivered by the candidates and by an invited guest on a variety of issues relevant to the overarching subject matter of animal healthcare waste management.
In addition a number of field visits and field exercise were planned in order to demonstrate the practical aspects of healthcare waste management in the broader context of animal healthcare. All of the candidates completed the course.


Subject to the assessment and verification process it is likely that all of the candidates who actually undertook the award will have successfully completed the award and proved their competence in the subject area.

All the candidates applied themselves to the course programme and although in the first couple of days the situation looked very different they all applied themselves to the tasks and worked extremely hard both as individuals and teams in order to achieve the award.

One of the products of the programme was the development of an implementation action plan for the implementation of an EU standard healthcare waste management system in both the State Veterinary Faculty and the State Veterinary Institute.

In addition the State Veterinary Faculty also have a readymade Albanian language course in the importance of Animal Healthcare Waste Management and the plan is to introduce the course as a series of core education modules to the current veterinary undergraduate programme.
This will provide the faculty with an opportunity to introduce this topic in the context of disease control, bio-security and the broader environmental/public health impact of the veterinary healthcare sector in Albania.

Lastly the training team have provided the Veterinary Faculty with two risk assessment tools:

1. Health & Safety Risk Assessment Methodology
2. Environmental Risk Assessment Methodology

And these tools can be used on a practical level when planning veterinary activities in the field on when dealing with veterinary healthcare issues which may have an impact on the broader environment.
It is hoped that the Faculty will utilise the resources delivered to them by the PAZA project team and that they will be a useful resource in facilitating the much needed improvement in, and modernisation of, the veterinary healthcare education system in Albania.

Certainly the 16 trained candidates could now form the backbone of a training team which could deliver this award to all state veterinarians in Albania.

The candidates were presented with symbolic certificates by Minister Panaritti at the PAZA final conference. The UK certificates from the SQA and WAMITAB were presented to candidates in early January 2014.


This component of the PAZA project has undertaken and completed at the 11th hour of the project life. It is a relatively small component in the context of the larger overarching project agenda. It does however address many deficiencies within the current veterinary healthcare system and those issues can be summed up as follows:

1. According to candidate feedback on the training course there is an appreciation by them of the structure of the training programme which was a mix of theory and practice. It seemed to be an innovative training method to the candidates and perhaps it is a methodology that should be adopted by other training initiatives in the future.

2. In addition the jointly developed national guideline document for the safe management of animal healthcare wastes will be an excellent resource for the veterinary sector and it has been demonstrated through the examples of implementation at both the State Veterinary Institute and the State Veterinary Faculty that the implementation of such an EU standard system is NOT cost prohibitive to these institutions.

3. The Faculty now has a complete electronic training programme in the Albanian language for the management of animal healthcare wastes and this can be introduced to the undergraduate training programme for all veterinarians.

4. The problem however with both the training programme delivered and any future training programmes incorporated by the Faculty is that there is a gap between the teaching of best practice and legislative compliance and the actual practices on the ground. This must be addressed by the Ministry to ensure that the training programmes are relevant to practices in the field. If the Ministry are serious about animal healthcare then they need to demonstrate this by committing to the establishment of a modern veterinary curriculum as well as modern practices in the field.


Technical assistance to support the implementation of EU legislation and development of the national waste policy, strategy and plan including the development of two regional waste plans for the cities of Tirana and Elbasan

Client: Agrotec with Grontmij Carl Bro

Dates: November 2010 - December 2010

The overall objective of the assessment process is to give the INPAEL project team a better understanding of the status of healthcare waste management in different healthcare settings including primary, secondary and tertiary. The assessment should also include the private sector capacities in terms of healthcare provision and healthcare waste management. This will allow the INPAEL project team to make appropriate recommendations to the MOEFWA in relation to the management of healthcare waste throughout Albania. It will also provide INPASEL with an accurate assessment on which to base future resource requirement proposals.

The management of healthcare waste in Albania has received very little attention from the international community and as a consequence projects whether for the supply of goods or the provision of technical assistance have been few and far between. The country does however have a piece of legislation in regard to the management of healthcare waste although on the evidence of work done by the INPAEL project team on the landfill sites of Albania the provisions of this law are largely ignored. There needs to be an accurate assessment conducted within the healthcare sector to establish what are current practices?, what technologies are employed? and lastly what is the level of understanding among the staff at healthcare facilities on the subject?
The project outputs should therefore be as follows:

  1. A detailed assessment report for each facility with a structure in line with the above key assessment areas. This should include detailed recommendations for the healthcare facility on future compliance issues with EU waste legislation.
  2. The development of a concept model for the future waste management on a health area by health area basis including suggestions for technologies and transport methods to include both the primary health care and where possible the private healthcare sectors.

Technical assistance to support second task of the Empowering Environmental Local Governance Performance (EELGP) using Municipal Waste Management in Albania 2010

Client: Co-Plan, Institute for Habitat

Dates: September 2010 - October 2010

Technical assistance to support second task of the "Empowering Environmental Local Governance Performance (EELGP) using Municipal Waste Management in Fier as a pilot"

In the framework of EELGP project financed from the Embassy of the Kingdom of the Netherlands in Tirana, to enhance the waste management services in the Municipality of Lezhe and Shkoder. The project has two tasks:

Task 1 - Improving Environmental Management Performance in the Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) Enterprise
Task 2 - Improving MSW management in Lezhe and Shkoder

Co-Plan is seeking for technical assistance from Mr. Scott Crossett as well as product development for the main product of Task 2 (Strategic Municipal Solid Waste Management Plan) under the following Terms of Reference:

The development and delivery of 5 short training packages for local authority waste managers and covers aspects of waste services including:

  1. Organizing the waste collection service (Institutional, financial, technical, environment and social aspects)
  2. Estimation of full cost and tariff establishment based on cost recovery concept, (at least for collection and transport) probably a simple excel sheet calculation (several sheets linked with each other)
  3. Developing tendering documents and procedures for procurement, (in most of the municipalities and communes the process is tendering out)
  4. Introduction environmental initiatives for achieving waste minimization
  5. Organizing inter Local Government Units cooperation (most important one - institutional and financial schemes)

SC Waste Management will develop 5 training modules on the subject matter outlined in the ToR and will deliver the training materials in both Lezhe and Shkoder municipalities to key waste services stakeholders.

Technical assistance to support second task of the Empowering Environmental Local Governance Performance (EELGP) using Municipal Waste Management in Fier as a pilot project April 2010.

Client: Co-Plan, Institute for Habitat

Dates: April 2010 - July 2010

Technical assistance to support second task of the "Empowering Environmental Local Governance Performance (EELGP) using Municipal Waste Management in Fier as a pilot"

In the framework of EELGP project financed from the Embassy of the Kingdom of the Netherlands in Tirana, to enhance the waste management services in the Municipality of Fier. The project has two tasks:

  • Task 1 - Improving Environmental Management Performance in the Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) Enterprise
  • Task 2 - Improving MSW management in Fier

Co-Plan is seeking for technical assistance from Mr. Scott Crossett as well as product development for the main product of Task 2 (Strategic Municipal Solid Waste Management Plan) under the following Terms of Reference:

  • Review and analysing of the existing study already developed to resolve any internal inconsistencies and gaps
  • To provide advices and closely collaboration with Project Team to finalizing Local Waste Management Plan for Municipality of Fier.
  • To advise and prepare in closely collaboration with Project Team an action plan with expected output content and description methodology for implementing Local Waste Management Plan for Municipality of Fier.
  • To prepare a Regional Solid Waste Management plan for Fier Waste Area
  • To design an action plan with expected output and description methodology for each activities regarding Regional Solid Waste Management Fier waste area plan.

SC Waste Management provided detailed technical input relating to regional waste management issues and developed a Regional Waste Management Plan for the Waste Area of Fier.

Environmental Impact Assessment of Tirana University Hospital Centre - Mother Teresa

Client: COWI IPF

Dates: April 2010 - July 2010

Overall Objective

The overall objective of the underlying project and the Master Plan(s) for the TUHC is clearly to ensure the provision of high quality cost-effective health care to the citizens of Tirana (and Albania more broadly). Embedded within this overall objective is the intent to achieve this service whilst complying with applicable environmental regulations and to minimise the environmental impact of both the day-to-day operation of the Centre and to minimise the impact of the development works implemented as part of the Master Plan.

Objective of This Project

The objective of this study is to support the achievement of acceptable environmental management and performance standards at the hospital through the identification, prioritisation, detailed description and costing of measures which can be implemented (as part of the Master Plan, or otherwise) in the short and medium term to address the key areas of environmental concern as set out in the Terms of Reference.

SC Waste Management provided project management and detailed technical input relating to healthcare waste management into the following project reports:

  • Inception Report
  • Evaluation Report including waste management performance audit and rapid on site assessment
  • Environmental Management and Investment Plan
  • Environmental Statement
  • Project Completion Report

Implementation of the national plan for approximation of environmental legislation

Client: Grontmij CarlBro

Dates: 2008/2009

Overall Objective

  • The overall objective of this project is to ensure that sustainable development of the country will be achieved in comcomitance with the implementation of European Comminity environmental legislation


  1. Effectiveness in controlling the pollution of air, water, and solid is increased throught the transposition and implementation of the priority legislation as forseen in the Stabilisation and Association Agreement (SAA), National Plan for the implementation of the SAA and the National Environmental Srategy.
  2. The capacity within the MoEFWA and other government institutions concerned with environmental issues as regarding the analysis, design, coordination, implementation, and monitoring of economic and financial mehanisms is consolidated.

Results to be achieved by the Consultant

  1. A new law on Environmental Protection is prepared through the transposition and integration of different directives including the IPPC.
  2. Full transposition of the legislation on solid waste is prepared.
  3. Horizontal legislation with reference to directives 97/11/EC, 91/692/EEC, and 90/313/EEC transposed and implemented.
  4. Integratd system on environmental licensing and control of environmental impact in accordance with directive 1836/93/EEC developed and functional.
  5. An improved system for environmental permitting including the capacity to monitor point pollution is introduced.
  6. Sub sector implementation plans completed for water and solid waste.
  7. Basic implementation plans are prepared in respect of the framework directivs in each of these sub sectors including:
    • A "basic" air quality action plan fora selected urban agglomeration and,
    • A "basic" river basin management plan for a selected basin or sub basin which adopts the main principles of the water framework directive and addreses the key issues of sustainable water resource use.
    • A National Waste Management Plan and a Regional Waste Management Plan for a selected region are prepared in accordance with the guidance developed by SIDA waste project for Korca region.
  8. In line with the National Plan for Approximation of Legislation, packages of secondary legislation to support the transposition and implementation of European Community environmental legislation focused on air protection, water resources, and environmental protection are prepared.

Particiaption in National Workshop and Assessment of Sharra Landfill Site - Tirana, Albania

Client: UNEP

Dates: 2003

National Workshop by United Nations Environment Programme on Solid Waste Management.

Delivery of presentation to key national stakeholders on EU environmental legislation

Assessment of Sharra Landfill Site, Tirana, Albania

Provision of technical expertise in the fields of European Union solid waste management legislation.

Providing detailed assessment report on site visit to Sharra Landfill, Tirana.